A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Phase 3 Study of Apalutamide in Subjects With High-risk, Localized or Locally Advanced Prostate Cancer Who Are Candidates for Radical Prostatectomy
Brief SummaryThe purpose of this study is to determine if treatment with apalutamide plus androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) before and after radical prostatectomy in participants with high-risk localized or locally advanced prostate cancer results in an improvement in pathological complete response (pCR) rate and metastasis-free survival (MFS), as compared to placebo plus ADT.
Detailed DescriptionHigh-risk prostate cancer accounts for approximately 15 percent (%) of newly diagnosed prostate cancers. A systemic therapy that eradicates micrometastatic disease is needed to improve survival in high-risk participants undergoing radical prostatectomy. It is hypothesized that androgen blockade prior to and after radical prostatectomy may improve outcomes for participants at the highest risk for recurrence. This study is designed to evaluate if androgen blockade administered prior to and after radical prostatectomy will increase the rate of pathological complete response (pCR) and lead to better overall outcomes. ERLEADA (apalutamide, also known as JNJ-56021927 and ARN-509) is an orally available, non-steroidal small molecule, which acts as a potent and selective antagonist of the androgen receptor (AR), currently being developed for the treatment of prostate cancer. The study includes screening phase (approximately up to 35 days before randomization), treatment phase (up to 12 months) and follow-up phase. The end of study (study completion) is defined as last participant assessment at study site with approximate study duration of 8 years. Participants will undergo efficacy, pharmacokinetics and biomarker evaluations. The safety will be monitored throughout the study.
Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria
- Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate
- High-risk disease defined by a total Gleason Sum Score greater than equal to (>=) 4+3 (=Grade Groups [GG] 3 5) and >=1 of the following 4 criteria: a) Any combination of Gleason Score 4+3 (= 3) and Gleason Score 8 (4+4 or 5+3) in >= 6 systematic cores (with >=1 core Gleason Score 8 [4+4 or 5+3] included); b) Any combination of Gleason Score 4+3 (=GG 3) and Gleason Score 8 (4+4 or 5+3) in >=3 systematic cores and Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) >=20 ng/mL (with >= 1 core Gleason Score 8 [4+4 or 5+3] included); c) Gleason Score >=9 (=GG 5) in at least 1 systematic or targeted core; d) At least 2 systematic or targeted cores with continuous Gleason Score >=8 (=GG 4), each with > 80 percent (%) involvement
- Candidate for radical prostatectomy with pelvic lymph node dissection as per the investigator
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status score of 0 or 1
- Contraceptive use by men and female partners of men enrolled in the study who are of childbearing potential or are pregnant) should be consistent with local regulations regarding the use of contraceptive methods for participants participating in clinical studies
- Able to receive androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for up to 1 year, per the investigator's assessment
- Distant metastasis (clinical stage M1). Nodal disease below the iliac bifurcation (clinical stage N1) is not an exclusion. Diagnosis of distant metastasis (clinical M stage; M0 versus M1a, M1b, M1c) and pelvic nodal disease (clinical N stage; N1 versus N0) will be assessed by central radiological review. Participants are considered eligible only if the central radiological review confirms clinical stage M0
- (a) Prior treatment with androgen receptor antagonists; (b) Treatment with gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs prior to informed consent form (ICF) signature
- History of prior systemic or local therapy for prostate cancer, including pelvic radiation for prostate cancer
- Use of any investigational agent less than or equals to (<=)4 weeks prior to randomization or any therapeutic procedure for prostate cancer at any time
- Major surgery <=4 weeks prior to randomization
Please contact the trial administrator to learn more about where you can participate in this trial. Please use the contact form on the right side.