18 studies found

Cell-Free DNA and RNA in Blood fromMetastatic Prostate Cancer Patients

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To document the appearance of androgen receptor isoform splice variant 7 (AR-V7) expression over the course of therapy in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). II. To determine whether detectable AR-V7 is associated with a shortened duration of treatment benefit of abiraterone or enzalutamide. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine...

Collection of Blood in Studying Metabolites in Patients With Prostate Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Develop blood sample collection and preparation procedures for reliable, meaningful metabolomic profiling of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) by liquid chromatography/quadruple-time of flight/mass spectrometry (LC/Q-TOF/MS) that can be implemented in a clinical setting. II. Optimize data analysis methods and software usage to create a metabolic profile for...

Standard Systemic Therapy With or Without Definitive Treatment in Treating Participants With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To compare overall survival in metastatic prostate cancer patients who are randomized to standard systemic therapy (SST) plus definitive treatment of the primary tumor versus standard systemic therapy alone. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To compare overall survival in metastatic prostate cancer patients who received SST plus surgical excision...

Accelerated v's Standard BEP Chemotherapy for Patients With Intermediate and Poor-risk Metastatic Germ Cell Tumours

Bleomycin, Etoposide, Cisplatin (BEP) administered 3-weekly x 4 remains standard 1st line chemotherapy for intermediate- and poor-risk metastatic germ cell tumours (GCTs). Cure rates are over 90% for good-risk disease, 85% with intermediate-risk, and about 70% for poor-risk disease. Previous strategies to improve first-line chemotherapy have failed to improve cure...

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Help Us Improve Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer!

Prostate biopsies play a crucial role in deciding whether men with elevated Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) have cancer and whether treatment is needed. Not all forms of prostate cancer require treatment, only those that are worrisome and thus clinically significant. Standard prostate biopsy can miss the most aggressive areas...

A Study of Rucaparib Versus Physician's Choice of Therapy in Patients With Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer and Homologous Recombination Gene Deficiency

The purpose of this study is to determine how patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, and evidence of a homologous recombination gene deficiency, respond to treatment with rucaparib versus treatment with physician's choice of abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide, or docetaxel.

AO-176 in Multiple Solid Tumor Malignancies

This is a first-in-human, Phase 1/2 multicenter, open-label, dose escalation and expansion study of AO-176 in patients with solid tumors. Part A of this study will examine escalating repeat doses of AO-176 monotherapy in patients with select advanced solid tumors (epithelial ovarian carcinoma, including primary peritoneal and fallopian tube carcinoma,...

Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients With Rare Tumors

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version (v)1.1 overall response rate (ORR) in subsets of patients with advanced rare cancers treated with ipilimumab plus nivolumab combination immunotherapy. II. To evaluate the overall response rate (ORR) in patients with gestational trophoblastic tumors treated with...

Study of Cabozantinib in Combination With Atezolizumab to Subjects With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors

- Dose Escalation Stage: to determine the schedule and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and/or recommended Expansion Stage dose of cabozantinib when taken in combination with a standard dosing regimen of atezolizumab (1200 mg infusion, once every 3 weeks). - Expansion Stage: to determine the preliminary efficacy (objective response rate [ORR]...

Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) Plus Docetaxel Versus Placebo Plus Docetaxel in Chemotherapy-naïve Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) (MK-3475-921/KEYNOTE-921)

The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of the combination of pembrolizumab (MK-3475) and docetaxel in the treatment of men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who have not received chemotherapy for mCRPC but have progressed on or are intolerant to Next Generation Hormonal Agent...

Chemoradiotherapy With or Without Atezolizumab in Treating Patients With Localized Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To compare bladder intact event-free survival (BI-EFS) for concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CRT) with and without atezolizumab in localized muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To compare overall survival between the two arms. II. To compare modified bladder intact event-free survival including cancer related death between...

Enzalutamide With or Without Radium Ra 223 Dichloride in Patients With Metastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate changes in prostate cancer bone involvement induced by enzalutamide alone or in combination with radium Ra 223 dichloride (radium 223), specifically extent of prostate cancer infiltration, androgen receptor (AR) signaling and hormone levels, hematopoietic composition, apoptosis and proliferation. II. To evaluate the immune activation of...

Therapeutic Effect of Cytoreductive Radical Prostatectomy in Men With Newly Diagnosed Metastatic Prostate Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To assess the clinical benefit of combining radical surgery ? cytoreductive radical prostatectomy (CRP) - with the best systemic therapy (BST) in men with newly diagnosed clinical metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa). SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the impact of CRP+BST on time to biochemical progression, cancer-specific survival,...

Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer That Have Undergone Surgery

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine the efficacy of postoperative stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) at a dose of 34 grays (Gy) in five fractions, as compared with historical control efficacy rates in patients who received conventionally fractionated postoperative radiotherapy. II. To determine the toxicity of postoperative SBRT at a dose...

Controlled Low Calorie Diet in Reducing Side Effects and Increasing Response to Chemotherapy in Patients With Breast or Prostate Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To obtain preliminary estimates of the impact of a restricted diet on toxicity and efficacy of chemotherapy for breast and prostate cancer. II. To evaluate the compliance with a controlled diet intervention. III. To investigate changes in plasma insulin, glucose, insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1) and IGF...

Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy or Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage IIA-B Prostate Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To determine whether stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) can be shown to be superior to hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) in terms of genitourinary (GU) and gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity by having fewer patients that experience a minimal important decline (MID) in urinary irritation/obstructive and bowel Health Related...

Nutritional Preferences and Product Accessibility in Oral Nutritional Supplements in Participants With Breast, Colorectal, Upper Gastrointestinal, or Prostate Cancer

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Identify how patients with cancer are obtaining nutrition to support medical management. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. Examine associations of gastrointestinal side effects with specific diagnoses and respective medical therapies. II. Understand how patients access information regarding nutritional supplements. III. Evaluate patient satisfaction with currently available oral nutritional supplements...

Prospective Validation of Prostate Biomarkers for Repeat Biopsy

Target enrollment is 1000 prospectively enrolled subjects with an initial negative biopsy scheduled for repeat biopsy. Subjects must have had their negative index prostate biopsy procedure within 30 months of being scheduled for their repeat biopsy. All enrolled subjects will have all core tissues from the initial negative biopsy blinded...